Due to the increasingly rising numbers of wounded soldiers both the Confederate and Union armies needed as much medical expertise and aid as they could get. Before this time women were not so much seen in the medical profession, however mid-way through the war they became an important part to saving the lives of many men.
The one woman who started it all:
On April 4, 1863, the New York Medical College and Hospital for women was incorporated by a special act of the legislature under the University of the state of New York. The pioneer who made it possible for women to study medicine in New York City was Dr. Clemence Sophia Lozier by helping to establish this medical college for women.(4)
~She graduated from the New York College of Rochester in 1853 and then quickly opened her own practice. This practice grew steadily and her health talks became popular and with them grew the idea of a medical college for women. In 1863 she secured the passage of this type of college and the charter for a medical college for women was granted by the legislature. With this expansion of education for women in the medical field more and more women were graduating and working to safe the lives of thousandths of wounded soldiers. Without Dr. Lozier’s passion and push the casualties of the Civil War would have been much higher due to the lack of medical personnel and care.(4)