~There were many medical terms used during the Civil War, below are the most used and most common. (6)
AGUE: Fever or other recurrent symptom resulting from malaria amputation: Removal of an appendage of the body, usually a limb. Using a single flap and by making a circular cut at a 90 degree angle to the long axis of the appendage.
PRIMARY: Surgery done following the period of shock and before inflammation sets in. Done within the first 24 hours.
SECONDARY: Performed to improve an earlier amputation
ANODYNES: Medicine that relieves pain
APOPLEXY: Stroke, sudden impairment due to a cranial hemorrhage. Or extravasation of blood in any organ.
BILIOUS ATTACK: Diseases such as malaria or typhoid. Applied groups of symptoms are headache, abdominal pain, and constipation.
BLUE MASS: Known as blue pill. Mercury mass used for many conditions.
BRIGHT’S DISEASE: General term for kidney diseases.
CAMP, STATE: Made up of various symptoms such as fever and diarrhea that occurred because troops were so close together.
CHOLERA: Infectious disease caused by extreme diarrhea with severe fluid loss, resulting in dehydration that can later lead to death.
EXCISION: Removal by cutting, often used instead of performing an amputation.
OSTEOMYELITIS: Inflammation of bone, often causes a fever and can lead to death if extremity is not amputated.
PERITONITIS: Often the cause of death in abdominal wounds. Inflammation of the internal membrane lining the abdomen and pelvic walls.
SUPPURATION: Formation of pus. Looked on as a good sign during the 1860’s.